Occupational therapy for physical health
Occupational therapy uses selected tasks and activities to assess, develop, and maintain functional abilities in patients with musculoskeletal, neurological, cardiorespiratory, or psychological disorders. Occupational therapists focus on the whole person.
Occupational therapists work to help patients recover and improve the skills needed for daily tasks, change high-risk postures, develop strategies for managing pain, stress, and energy, as well as encourage healthy work methods and habits. In the case of residual disabilities leading to permanent limitations, occupational therapists may assess the need for assistive devices and develop effective coping strategies to help deal with the situation.
Occupational therapy commonly deals with:
- Functional and work capacity development
- Effort training
- Hand rehabilitation and orthotics fabrication
- Ergonomic workstation or task assessment
- Functional and work capacity evaluations
- Return-to-work program
- In-house health and safety and ergonomic training sessions
- Driving evaluation, driver retraining, and vehicle adaptation solutions
- Evaluation to obtain a disabled parking permit and paratransit services
- Home assessment and adaptation
- Pediatric occupational therapy
Occupational therapy in mental health
Occupational therapy in mental health is for anyone whose daily functioning is affected by a psychological condition. Different mental health disorders can be the source, such as burnout, anxiety disorders, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder. These mental disorders may or may not have been caused by a specific event, accident or physical injury.