Occupational therapy for physical health
Occupational therapy uses selected tasks and activities to assess, develop, and maintain functional abilities in patients with musculoskeletal, neurological, cardiorespiratory, or psychological disorders. Occupational therapists focus on the whole person.
Occupational therapists work to help patients recover and improve the skills needed for daily tasks, change high-risk postures, develop strategies for managing pain, stress, and energy, as well as encourage healthy work methods and habits. In the case of residual disabilities leading to permanent limitations, occupational therapists may assess the need for assistive devices and develop effective coping strategies to help deal with the situation.
Occupational therapy commonly deals with:
- Functional and work capacity development
- Effort training
- Hand rehabilitation and orthotics fabrication
- Ergonomic workstation or task assessment
- Functional and work capacity evaluations
- Return-to-work program
- In-house health and safety and ergonomic training sessions
- Driving evaluation, driver retraining, and vehicle adaptation solutions
- Evaluation to obtain a disabled parking permit and paratransit services
- Home assessment and adaptation
- Pediatric occupational therapy
Occupational therapy and the cognitive-behavioural approach
Occupational therapists assess how mental illness affects patients’ physical, cognitive, emotional, and social functioning skills.
They examine the daily routines of patients and any potential barriers to functioning. Occupational therapists help patients gradually resume activities of daily living and provide them with tools to deal with their various issues. Occupational therapy and kinesiology combined = promising results
Exercise has been shown to have positive psychological benefits (more energy, better quality sleep, etc.).
Working with both an occupational therapist and a kinesiologist can produce dramatic, long-lasting results. Kinesiologists apply their expertise to improve the physical condition and autonomy of patients, and to teach them how to adopt healthy lifestyle habits.
Both disciplines combined can help:
- Increase energy levels
- Reduce and better manage anxiety
- Alleviate symptoms of depression (lack of motivation, isolation, despair, sadness, loss of appetite, loss of interest, lack of confidence)
- Improve sleep quality
- Increase overall endurance
- Increase functional capacity
- Improve self-esteem
- Strengthen the sense of control and efficiency
In short, when symptoms improve, when functioning is reasonably restored, and when healthy habits are adopted, patients are better able to achieve a higher quality of life and regain their independence.